Mechanism-based Inhibition: Deriving KI and kinact directly from Time-Dependent IC50 Values
Krippendorff, Ben-Fillippo and Neuhaus, Roland and Lienau, Philip and Reichel, Andreas and Huisinga, Wilhelm (2009) Mechanism-based Inhibition: Deriving KI and kinact directly from Time-Dependent IC50 Values. Journal of Biomedical Screening, 14 (8). pp. 913-923. ISSN 1087-0571
The potential of enzyme inhibition of a drug is frequently quantified in terms of IC50 values. While this is a suitable quantity for reversible inhibitors, concerns arise when dealing with irreversible, or mechanism-based inhibitors (MBI). IC50 values of MBI are time-dependent, causing serious problems when aiming at ranking different compounds with respect to their inhibitory potential. As a consequence, most studies and ranking schemes related to MBI rely on the inhibition constant (KI) and the rate of enzyme inactivation (kinact) rather than on IC50 values. In this article we derive a novel relation between potentially time-dependent IC50 values and KI, kinact parameters for different types of inhibition. This allows for direct estimation of KI and kinact values from time-dependent IC50 values, even without the need of additional pre-incubation experiments. The application of this approach is illustrated using a fluorimetric assay to access the drug-drug interaction potential associated with new chemical entities. The approach can easily be implemented using standard software tools (e.g., XLfit) and may also be suitable for applications where mechanism-based inhibition is a desired mode of actions, e.g., at particular pharmacological drug targets.
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