Multiple Model Kalman Filters: A Localization Technique for RoboCup Soccer
Quinlan, Michael J. and Middleton, Richard H. (2010) Multiple Model Kalman Filters: A Localization Technique for RoboCup Soccer. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (5949). pp. 276-287. ISSN 0302-9743
In the Standard Platform League (SPL) there are substantial sensor limitations due to the rapid motion of the camera, the limited field of view of the camera, and the limited number of unique landmarks. These limitations place high demands on the performance and robustness of localization algorithms. Most of the localization algorithms implemented in RoboCup fall broadly into the class of particle based filters or Kalman type filters including Extended and Unscented variants. Particle Filters are explicitly multi-modal and therefore deal readily with ambiguous sensor data. In this paper, we discuss multiple-model Kalman filters that also are explicitly multi-modal. Motivated by the RoboCup SPL, we show how they can be used despite the highly multi-modal nature of sensed data and give a brief comparison with a particle filter based approach to localization.
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