What is an economic migrant? Europe's new borders and the politics of classification
Szmagalska Follis, Karolina (2011) What is an economic migrant? Europe's new borders and the politics of classification. In: Citizenship, Borders and Human Needs. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadephia, pp. 115-131. ISBN 978-0-8122-4283-6
After the United States-Mexico border, the second longest border between a poor and an affluent region is the eastern external boundary of the European U nion.l This essay discusses the selective permeability of this border, drawing on a larger study of the emergence of a new border regime between Poland and Ukraine following the 2004 expansion of the European Union. In 2005-2006 I conducted twelve months months of field research in Poland and Ukraine, among border guards and immigration officials as well as in migrant communities and civil society organizations. As a participantobserver of cross-border human traffic, I gathered vernacular accounts of crossing, policing, and subverting the border. I relied on historical sources, legal acts, policy handbooks, official statements, and independent reports to situate the accounts I collected within the larger context of "building Europe" east of the former Iron Curtain.
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