Parasitoids, predators, nematodes and pathogens associated with bark weevil pests in Europe
Kenis, M. and Wegensteiner, R. and Griffin, C.T. (2004) Parasitoids, predators, nematodes and pathogens associated with bark weevil pests in Europe. In: UNSPECIFIED Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 395-414.
Among the main bark weevil pests in Europe, Hylobius abietis L. and Pissodes spp. have the subject of several major studies regarding the biology, impact and use of their natural enemies. In particular, parasitoids and namatodes of H. abietis, and parasitoids of pine and fir Pissodes spp. have been extensively studied. In contrast, very little has been done on Cryptorrhynchus lapathi L., and nothing on Hylobius pinastri (Gyllenhal), or on Otiorrhynchus spp. in the forest environment, probably relflecting their lower importance in forest protection.
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