Metal-Ion Mutagenesis: Conversion of a Purple Acid Phosphatase from Sweet Potato to a Neutral Phosphatase with the Formation of an Unprecedented Catalytically Competent MnIIMnII Active Site
Mitic, Natasa and Noble, Christopher J. and Gahan, Lawrence R. and Hanson, Graeme R. and Schenk, Gerhard (2009) Metal-Ion Mutagenesis: Conversion of a Purple Acid Phosphatase from Sweet Potato to a Neutral Phosphatase with the Formation of an Unprecedented Catalytically Competent MnIIMnII Active Site. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131 (23). pp. 8173-8179. ISSN 0002-7863
The currently accepted paradigm is that the purple acid phosphatases (PAPs) require a heterovalent, dinuclear metal-ion center for catalysis. It is believed that this is an essential feature for these enzymes in order for them to operate under acidic conditions. A PAP from sweet potato is unusual in that it appears to have a specific requirement for manganese, forming a unique FeIII-μ-(O)-MnII center under catalytically optimal conditions (Schenk et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2005, 102, 273). Herein, we demonstrate, with detailed electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic and kinetic studies, that in this enzyme the chromophoric FeIII can be replaced by MnII, forming a catalytically active, unprecedented antiferromagnetically coupled homodivalent MnII-μ-(H)OH-μ-carboxylato-MnII center in a PAP. However, although the enzyme is still active, it no longer functions as an acid phosphatase, having optimal activity at neutral pH. Thus, PAPs may have evolved from distantly related divalent dinuclear metallohydrolases that operate under pH neutral conditions by stabilization of a trivalent-divalent metal-ion core. The present MnII-MnII system models these distant relatives, and the results herein make a significant contribution to our understanding of the role of the chromophoric metal ion as an activator of the nucleophile. In addition, the detailed analysis of strain broadened EPR spectra from exchange-coupled dinuclear MnII-MnII centers described herein provides the basis for the full interpretation of the EPR spectra from other dinuclear Mn metalloenzymes.
Repository Staff Only: item control page