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Phosphate ester cleavage promoted by a tetrameric iron(III) complex

Kantacha, Anob and Buchholz, Rebecca and Smith, Sarah J. and Schenk, Gerhard and Gahan, Lawrence R. (2011) Phosphate ester cleavage promoted by a tetrameric iron(III) complex. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 16 (1). pp. 23-32. ISSN 0949-8257

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Abstract

The purple acid phosphatases (PAPs) are the only binuclear metallohydrolases where the necessity for a heterovalent active site [Fe(III)-M(II) (M is Fe, Zn or Mn)] for catalysis has been established. The paradigm for the construction of PAP biomimetics, both structural and functional, is that the ligands possess characteristics which mimic those of the donor sites of the metalloenzyme and permit discrimination between trivalent and divalent metal ions. The donor atom set of the ligand 2-((2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-((pyridin-2-ylmethylamino)methyl)benzyl)(2-hydroxybenzyl)amino)acetic acid (H(3)HPBA) mimics that of the active site of PAP although the iron(III) complex of this ligand has been characterized as the tetramer [Fe(4)(HPBA)(2)(μ-CH(3)COO)(2)(μ-O)(μ-OH)(OH(2))(2)]ClO(4)·5H(2)O. The phosphoesterase-like activity of the complex in 1:1 acetonitrile/water has now been investigated using the substrate 2,4-bis(dinitrophenyl)phosphate. The pH dependence of the catalytic rate revealed a non-symmetric bell-shaped profile, with a finite but non-zero rate at high pH. Unlike the traditional approach usually employed to analyse these bell-shaped profiles, the approach used here involved incorporating additional species which contribute to the overall activity. Employing this approach, we show that the complex has a k (cat) of 1.6 (±0.2) × 10(-3) s(-1), three kinetically relevant pK (a) values of 5.3, 6.2 and 8.4, with K (M) of 7.4 ± 0.6 mM. The kinetic parameters are similar to those reported for heterovalent PAP biomimetics. Additionally, it is observed that, unlike the enzyme, the oxidation state is not the determining factor for catalytic activity.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Purple acid phosphatase; Phosphodiester-degrading enzyme;  Binuclear metallohydrolases; Iron complexes; Biomimetics;
Subjects: Science & Engineering > Chemistry
Item ID: 3718
Depositing User: Gary Schenk
Date Deposited: 31 May 2012 14:21
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Refereed: Yes
URI:

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