Preservation of Common Quadratic Lyapunov Functions and Padé Approximations
Sajja, Surya and Solmaz, Selim and Shorten, Robert and Corless, Martin (2010) Preservation of Common Quadratic Lyapunov Functions and Padé Approximations. 49th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), 2010 . 7334 -7338 . ISSN 0743-1546
It is well known that the bilinear transform, or first order diagonal Padé approximation to the matrix exponential, preserves quadratic Lyapunov functions between continuous-time and corresponding discrete-time linear time invariant (LTI) systems, regardless of the sampling time. It is also well known that this mapping preserves common quadratic Lyapunov functions between continuous-time and discrete-time switched systems. In this note we show that while diagonal Padé approximations do not in general preserve other types of Lyapunov functions (or even stability), it is true that diagonal Padé approximations of the matrix exponential, of any order and sampling time, preserve quadratic stability. A consequence of this result is that the quadratic stability of switched systems is robust with respect to certain discretization methods.
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