T Cells Regulate the Early Inflammatory Response to Bordetella pertussis Infection in the Murine Respiratory Tract
Zachariadis, O. and Cassidy, J.P. and Brady, J. and Mahon, B.P. (2006) T Cells Regulate the Early Inflammatory Response to Bordetella pertussis Infection in the Murine Respiratory Tract. Infection and Immunity, 74 . pp. 1837-1845.
The role of T cells in the regulation of pulmonary inflammation following Bordetella pertussis infection was investigated. Using a well-characterized murine aerosol challenge model, inflammatory events in mice with targeted disruption of the T-cell receptor -chain gene (TCR mice) were compared with those in wild-type animals. Early following challenge with B. pertussis, TCR mice exhibited greater pulmonary inflammation, as measured by intra-alveolar albumin leakage and lesion histomorphometry, yet had lower contemporaneous bacterial lung loads. The larger numbers of neutrophils and macrophages and the greater concentration of the neutrophil marker myeloperoxidase in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from TCR mice at this time suggested that differences in lung injury were mediated through increased leukocyte trafficking into infected alveoli. Furthermore, flow cytometric analysis found the pattern of recruitment of natural killer (NK) and NK receptor T cells into airspaces differed between the two mouse types over the same time period. Taken together, these findings suggest a regulatory influence for T cells over the early pulmonary inflammatory response to bacterial infection. The absence of T cells also influenced the subsequent adaptive immune response to specific bacterial components, as evidenced by a shift from a Th1 to a Th2 type response against the B. pertussis virulence factor filamentous hemagglutinin in TCR mice. The findings are relevant to the study of conditions such as neonatal B. pertussis infection and acute respiratory distress syndrome where T cell dysfunction has been implicated in the inflammatory process.
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